Identification of Wild Edible Mushrooms of Uyuca Biological Reserve with Productive Potential

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Fecha
2023
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Zamorano: Escuela Agrícola Panamericana
Resumen
Production systems to provide food for the population are mainly comprised of animal husbandry and vegetable crop production. On the other hand, edible mushrooms represent the future of food security and human development due to their high nutritional potential. Currently, there are many gaps with respect to wild species available as candidates for mushroom production in Honduras. The objective of this project is to document in an identification manual the wild edible mushroom species available at the Uyuca Biological Reserve and identify those with the greatest productive potential for commercialization with the evaluation of variables such as: peak fruiting months, months of appearance, protein content, shelf life, palatability, quantity of flesh, prices, and medicinal properties. Additionally, determine the ideal months for harvesting edible species in the reserve. The documentation and identification of the species was carried out by means of systematic transects of an area of 400 m2 with photographs and the iNaturalist platform. Likewise, an extensive literature review of each species was carried out to obtain information on the different variables and protein tests were conducted based on dry mass using the Kjeldahl methodology. Finally, with the classification of each variable by means of scales based on Likert methodology, it was determined that the species Cantharellus cibarius, Fistulina hepatica, Lactarius deliciosus, Lactarius indigo and Amanita jacksonii have the greatest commercial potential. On the other hand, the months mainly marked by the seasonality of edible mushroom species are June and October.
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Identification, manual, mushrooms, seasonality
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